Shelter is one of the most important aspects of wilderness survival. It provides protection from the elements, such as rain, snow, wind, and sun. It can also provide a sense of security and comfort in a difficult situation.

There are many different types of wilderness survival shelters that can be built, depending on the materials available and the climate. Some of the most common types of shelters include:

  • Lean-tos
  • A-frame shelters
  • Debris huts
  • Dugouts
  • Caves

Choosing a Shelter Site

The first step in building a wilderness survival shelter is to choose a suitable site. The site should be:

  • Level
  • Away from dangerous areas, such as cliffs or swamps
  • Near a source of water
  • In a location that will provide protection from the elements

Building a Shelter

Once you have chosen a site, you can begin building your shelter. The specific steps involved in building a shelter will vary depending on the type of shelter you are building. However, some general tips include:

  • Use natural materials that are available in the area.
  • Build the shelter to be as large as possible, to provide plenty of space to move around and sleep.
  • Insulate the shelter to help keep you warm.
  • Make sure the shelter is well-ventilated to prevent moisture buildup.


There are many resources available to help you learn about building wilderness survival shelters. Some of these resources include:

  • Books: There are many books available on the subject of wilderness survival, including books that specifically address shelter building.
  • Websites: There are many websites that offer information on wilderness survival, including information on shelter building.
  • Classes: There are many classes and workshops available that teach wilderness survival skills, including shelter building.


Building a wilderness survival shelter can be a challenging but rewarding experience. By following the tips in this guide, you can build a shelter that will help you stay safe and comfortable in the wilderness.

Additional Tips

  • If you are building a shelter in a cold climate, make sure to use materials that will help insulate you from the cold. This could include materials such as leaves, pine needles, or bark.
  • If you are building a shelter in a hot climate, make sure to use materials that will help keep you cool. This could include materials such as mud, sand, or rocks.
  • If you are building a shelter in a rainy climate, make sure to make the roof of the shelter watertight. This could be done by using materials such as leaves, bark, or tarps.
  • If you are building a shelter in a windy climate, make sure to anchor the shelter to the ground. This could be done by using rocks, stakes, or trees.

Practice Makes Perfect

The best way to learn how to build a wilderness survival shelter is to practice. The more you practice, the better you will become at it. You can practice building shelters in your backyard or in a nearby park.

Be Safe

When building a wilderness survival shelter, it is important to be safe. Make sure to choose a safe location for your shelter and to use safe materials. It is also important to be aware of the potential hazards in the area, such as poisonous plants or animals.

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